The Mithila region in Bihar is famous for Madhubani Paintings. If you ever visit these places, you will witness the alluring and eye-catching paintings on the walls. No doubt, it is a traditional representation of aesthetic art and culture. The paintings on walls are popularly known as Bhitti Chitra.

The paintings on the floor Aripana, the colors used in the madhubani paintings are exceptionally made up of bark, flowers, leaves, and other natural sources. However, it is true that now Madhubani Art is also a source of income for women in that region. Here, in this blog, you would get to learn about the various raw materials used in Madhubani Art. Check out to know more.

Madhubani Paintings: A Popular Folk Art of Bihar

This folk art of Bihar is not only painted on the walls and paintings. You must know that these beautiful artworks are also painted on sarees, Kurtis, Dupattas, stoles, and bedsheets. Along with that, if you do buy beautiful Madhubani Paintings, you can also blend them with your cushion covers, handbags, purses, trays, and coasters. Not only it makes your home look beautiful, but it even can help you to seek an amazing look.

Check out the raw materials used in Madhubani Paintings.

In the beginning, Mithila Paintings were made on the walls with the help of mud and cow dung. Later on, these paintings were also made on handmade paper. It is prepared by mixing cow dung, neem juice, and Multani Mitti. This will ultimately give the paper a yellowish appearance which resembles a mud wall. Now, it also enriches the durability of the paintings by protecting them from termites and insects. Check out the other materials:


Usually, bold and attractive colors are used to draw your attention. Few colors and their natural sources are:

  • Black: It is made by mixing soot with cow dung; it is used for making borders and outlines
  • Yellow: It is made up of turmeric
  • White: From Rice powder
  • Green: Leaves of wood apple tree
  • Blue: Indigo
  • Red: Kusum Flowers and red sandalwood
  • Orange: From Tesu Flowers of the Palash Tree


There are different tools used to bring the best crafted Madhubani Paintings. Color brushes, Twigs, matchsticks, and fingers are a few of them.

What are the themes of Madhubani Paintings?

The astonishing themes and motifs of Madhubani Art are impeccable. It is usually drawn from mythology, rituals, and local flora and fauna. A few of the subjects which it is focused on are:

  • Stories and scenes from Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata, and other Vedic literature
  • Various images of Hindu Deities like Shiva-Parvati, Rama-Krishna, Lord Ganesha, Lord Buddha, and many others
  • It is also drawn in human figures which have bulging eyes and pointed noses
  • The paintings also include the paintings of heavenly bodies like the sun and the moon
  • Pictures and paintings of elephants, parrots, peacocks, and flowers
  • It also shows social events like weddings, festivals, marriages
  • Kohbar is a popular ritual of a wedding. The idea of Kohbar is to disseminate the notion of fertility
  • Various aspects of the daily life of the various women living in the Mithila Region
  • Different kinds of Puja like Rahu Puja
  • Auspicious Yantras and Tantric style and Hindu deities

Various Styles and Designs of Madhubani Paintings

The Madhubani paintings are divided into four different styles. The four of them are Bharni, Kachni, Godhana, and Tantric. Have a look to know more about it.

Bharni Style

The word Bharni means ‘Filling.’ In the Bharni style, the outlines of the images are drawn in the old and dark or black color. And then, the images are filled with eye-catching colors like red, yellow, and orange.

Kachni Style

The word Kachni means ‘Line Art.’ In this style, immensely elaborated paintings are made. And then, the images are filled with close parallel lines or small dots—however, the thickness of the lines is eventually dependent on the design. Usually, in the Kachni Style, black and vermillion colors are used to make such paintings.

Godhana Style

The word Godhana means ‘tattoo.’ Now, in this style, the repeated images are arranged in various parallel lines, concentric circles, or rectangles in order to form a particular pattern. And then, the images are particularly are drawn in black, and then they will be filled with color. Various Godhana style artists also use cow dung to make it.

Tantric Style

As the name suggests, Tantric is related is to the authentic Puja Style. The colors and description represent an awe-struck painting. Even the pictures of Hindu Deities and Yantras are made, such as Shree Yantra, Shri Bhairav Yantra are depicted.

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Amazing Symbols Used in Madhubani Paintings

The symbolic paintings were used as ‘Khobaragas,’ which is also known as Bridal Chambora. It signifies that the couples spent the first few days of married life. Painters also draw the paintings of divine couples like Shiva-Parvati, and Radha-Krishna. Every symbol and sign has a significant message, and so here are few important ones.

  • Animal Forms: It includes images of birds and animals. It includes signs of fertility, prosperity, and Good luck like elephants, fishes, parrots, and1` tortoises.
  • Human Forms: The divine paintings will include the serene pictures of God and Goddesses, Vishnu-Lakshmi and Shiva-Parvati, and many other.
  • Other Forms: Includes folk culture, tradition, social customs, myth, and legend. It includes flowers like Lotus, Tree, Bamboo, and Woods.

What is the base of Madhubani Paintings?

Old Madhubani Paintings are made up of homemade natural colors. It is performed with sticks and fingers and not with pens and brushes. It also includes cow dung washed base. Old ones are drawn with natural and charming colors.

How can you make Madhubani Painting as a beginner?

As a beginner, you might feel confused, but don’t be as if you do have interest in it; you can simply proceed. At first, you are supposed to start painting on the rough side of the sheet. And then, you should seek smooth and shiny surfaces to make the colors slip. Traditionally, a special nib is used to draw beautiful lines with black ink in Madhubani Art which needs a lot of practice.

Why are Madhubani Paintings so special?

Madhubani Paintings are beyond just simple art. It depicts the social norms and structure and ensures the cultural identity, themes, and religion. It also shows the religious motifs and beliefs of the people. The enriching and magnificent colors are used to draw your attention and let you witness the charm of these wonderful paintings.

Go through this blog if you wish to seek more information and knowledge about the ethnic, authentic, and traditional Madhubani Paintings. Check out this blog if you are an art lover, as you cannot afford to miss the beauty of the paintings.

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